Humans have the same body parts, the ability to reason just like any person and even what have we, and yet when you a person a piece of paper with an information specified on it then these people may have different interpretation for that same piece of information. But what does really account for this? The answer may lie on the way on how we respond to stimulation differently based on our different histories. According to Daniele Ortu from the researchgate.net website even within the same person, any stimulus presented twice will yield different responses from the first presentation to the second. For example, some neurons in the perirhinal cortex will respond deferentially to subsequent presentation allowing recognition performance.
Why do people have different interpretations for a common situation written on a sheet of paper?
People draw upon their background and experiences to interpret information. There are several reason why people see the world or interpret it differently. Citing an information from knowmyself.com, first is that they focus on their own flaws: Most people who have self confidence issues are not aware of the fact that most people focus on their own flaws more than they focus on anything else. A man who believes that he is short will most likely notice short and tall guys more than he will notice obese or skinny ones. While a tall obese person might be worrying about the way the short slim guy will perceive his weight the latter will be busy focusing on the hieght of the first and not his weight! This fact alone should be enough to make you feel confident around others. Second is that They see a reflection of their own fears: The girl who fears cats might believe that any moving object is a cat for a moment or two before she realizes that its something else. This perception problem also happens when people deal with each other. People always see a reflection of their fears in their daily lives and that’s why they see the world differently. Third is that they have different beliefs, The belief system a person has governs the way he sees reality. If ,for example, you believe that all people are mean then you will interpret their actions in a way that proves this fact true. If you believe that rich people are arrogant then you will always see them that way not because all of them are arrogant but because your perception of reality will be biased towards your beliefs. Beliefs come from past experiences and that’s why the environment the person grows in determines the way he sees the world to a great extent. Fourth is they have different identities: People see the world based on their identities and as a result one person can find a certain thing interesting while the other person can find it boring. And lastly they always see a reflection of their own thoughts:This perception error might happen also when you read a road sign or a certain word in a book. Whatever you are thinking about might affect your perception of reality to a certain extent.
We look at situations, events and interpret what other people say and do, according to our own set of past experiences, culture, faith, values, all of which help us form our beliefs about ourselves, about others, and about the world in general. The meaning we give events, the way we make sense of our world, is based upon our set of core beliefs. As mentioned in the getselfhelp.com website, our minds are constantly trying to make sense of our world, forming judgements and opinions about every situation, event, interaction. Those judgements and opinions will be affected by our central or core belief system. It is as though we are looking at the world through distorted or coloured lenses – and everyone has their own personal prescription or colour for their glasses.
Seeing different perspectives will help to reduce distressing emotions, help us feel more confident, enable us to be more understanding and emphatic, and improve communication and relationships. As we learn to challenge our unhelpful thoughts and biased perspectives, and see things in a more balanced and realistic way, so we will discover that situations and people can be different to how we usually interpret things, which can lead us to modify our core belief system, and therefore bring about lasting positive change.